By Dr Daniela Dueck, Kai Brodersen
What have been the bounds of data of the actual global in Greek and Roman antiquity? How some distance did guests get and what did they find out about far-away areas? How did they describe overseas nations and peoples? How did they degree the earth, and distances and heights on it? principles concerning the actual and cultural international are a key point of historical background, yet before there was no updated glossy evaluation of the topic. This e-book explores the beginnings and improvement of geographical principles in Classical antiquity and demonstrates technical equipment for describing panorama, topographies and ethnographies. The survey depends upon a number of resources: philosophical and medical texts but additionally poems and travelogues; papyrological is still and visible monuments.
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What have been the boundaries of information of the actual international in Greek and Roman antiquity? How some distance did guests get and what did they learn about far-away areas? How did they describe international nations and peoples? How did they degree the earth, and distances and heights on it? principles in regards to the actual and cultural global are a key point of historical heritage, yet formerly there was no updated glossy review of the topic.
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Extra resources for Geography in Classical Antiquity
In addition to legendary elements, the plot apparently depicts real scenery and sea-routes. The audience hears of islands such as Zacynthos (Od. 24) and Cythera (Od. 81), and may glean an idea of actual nautical orientation through remarks such as ‘Menelaus joined us at Lesbos, and found us making up our minds about our course, for we did not know whether to go outside Chios by the island of Psyra, keeping this to our left, or inside Chios, over against the stormy headland of Mimas’ (Od. 168–172).
30 Geography in Classical Antiquity Two hundred years later, Postumius Rufius Festus Avienus of Volsinii (340–380 ce) translated Dionysius’ poem into Latin, and produced a Descriptio Orbis Terrae of which 1,394 hexameters survive. 25 Avienus cites a long list of sources, from Hecataeus of Miletus, Herodotus and Thucydides to relatively obscure authors such as Bacoris of Rhodes and Cleon of Sicily (line 82 onward). This fact, along with the content of his poem, shows that Avienus assembled earlier bits of information and did not add new facts.
Myths often gained a touch of authenticity by including real geographical data, making them more plausible. 19 The ordinary person reading or hearing a myth was probably delighted to recognize familiar locations within chronologically and socially remote stories. The Greek landscape was enriched with mythic events, and modern study of early traditions and their variants, even when legendary elements are involved, is important for assembling evidence for the origins of ancient exploration and geographical awareness.
Geography in Classical Antiquity by Dr Daniela Dueck, Kai Brodersen