Design and Use of Assistive Technology: Social, Technical, - download pdf or read online

By Anita Silvers (auth.), Meeko Mitsuko K. Oishi, Ian M. Mitchell, H. F. Machiel Van der Loos (eds.)

ISBN-10: 1441970304

ISBN-13: 9781441970305

Design and Use of Assistive expertise presents an interdisciplinary method of determine a number of the significant hurdles in developing powerful assistive expertise. Assistive expertise has to be built-in with scientific wishes, person standards, moral concerns, and the social context of the technology’s use. Gaps among engineering layout, scientific assessment, and genuine use usually derail possibly transformative applied sciences that will another way permit independence and facilitate social connectedness. This quantity gathers thoughts that span engineering, laptop technology, rehabilitation sciences, and ethics. This ebook: • Addresses tricky difficulties equivalent to the inherent heterogeneity of clients, privateness issues in facts assortment and research, and incorporation of person standpoint into the layout and overview procedure • Discusses versions for wisdom move of novel applied sciences, benefits and downsides of small markets, and laws and criteria to let commercialization • provides a framework for ethics of “accessible” applied sciences that differs from frameworks for engineering or scientific ethics layout and Use of Assistive know-how demonstrates how multidisciplinary technique advancements in assistive know-how deployment have the capability to empower companies, researchers, and nonprofit corporations to create and produce to marketplace new units that include moral, social, and medical matters to reinforce people’s lives.

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Extra resources for Design and Use of Assistive Technology: Social, Technical, Ethical, and Economic Challenges

Sample text

It is well-known that surveys of people with disabilities find them rating their quality of life higher than expected, but until recently bioethicists 10 Anita Silvers have dismissed such reports as products of denial or self-delusion. They have been prompted in doing so by a medical value system that finds it hard to imagine patients enjoying a high quality of life unless they are cured. Engineering ethics equally has discounted disabled people’s views about their own good, but for a different reason.

It remains important to ask questions about what technology means to the user. The most carefully designed and prescribed technology is of no value if the intended user leaves it in the closet. Technology that is recommended without input from the consumer is in danger of being abandoned, at a cost to the user, their community, and society. References [1] Fong Lee D, Ryan S, Polgar J, Leibel G (2002) Consumer based approaches used in the development of an adaptive toileting system for children with positioning problems.

6 Conclusion People with disabilities, including those who become disabled as a result of aging, are all part of the rich fabric of human life. Modern medicine’s ability to save lives creates even more people with disabilities before old age sets in. Typically, people with long-term disabilities are not looking for cures or leading lives of desperation. People who are newly disabled go through a number of stages of grief that eventually turn into some form of acceptance of their disabilities. In either case, people with disabilities are simply social human beings who want to work, play, and associate with friends.

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Design and Use of Assistive Technology: Social, Technical, Ethical, and Economic Challenges by Anita Silvers (auth.), Meeko Mitsuko K. Oishi, Ian M. Mitchell, H. F. Machiel Van der Loos (eds.)

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