New PDF release: Desert and Justice (Mind Association Occasional Series)

By Serena Olsaretti

Serena Olsaretti (ed.)

Serena Olsaretti brings jointly new essays by way of best ethical and political philosophers at the nature of desolate tract and justice, their relatives with one another and with different values. Does justice require that folks get what they deserve? What precisely is occupied with giving humans what they deserve? Does treating humans as accountable brokers require that we make room for barren region within the monetary sphere, in addition to within the attribution of ethical compliment and blame and within the shelling out of punishment? How does respecting desolate tract sq. with concerns of equality? Does wilderness, like justice, have a comparative point? those are questions of serious functional in addition to theoretical value: this ebook is exclusive in supplying a sustained exam of them from numerous perspectives.

Contents:

Introduction: debating barren region and justice, Serena Olsaretti
1. Comparative and non-comparative barren region, David Miller
2. barren region: individualistic and holistic, Thomas Hurka
3. Distributive justice and monetary barren region, Samuel Scheffler
4. Comparative wilderness, Shelley Kagan
5. at the comparative section of justice, Owen McLeod
6. go back to dual Peaks: at the intrinsic ethical importance of equality, Fred Feldman
7. Brute success equality and wilderness, Peter Vallentyne
8. Distributive justice and compensatory wasteland, Serena Olsaretti
9. attempt and mind's eye, George Sher
10. The problem of barren region, Jonathan Wolff
11. The shrewdpermanent thought of ethical accountability and wasteland, Richard Arneson

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Extra info for Desert and Justice (Mind Association Occasional Series)

Example text

Some philosophers are hostile to the very notion of desert as it is commonly understood; others think that desert has to do with the moral quality of acts and choices, and that this has little bearing on the way that opportunities, resources, and rewards are distributed by social institutions. More recently, however, a third reason for I am very grateful to Matt Matravers, Serena Olsaretti, Adam Swift, and an anonymous referee for Oxford University Press for their comments on earlier drafts of this chapter.

On a desert-based conception of justice, the claim is, each individual should get exactly what she deserves, and desert-based justice is therefore noncomparative in this sense, despite the fact that what each person deserves in the first place may be affected by the extent to which others deserve, that is, by various sorts of comparisons regarding the desert basis. For those who think that we cannot ascertain what each person should get independently of what others get, then, desert seems inappropriate, since giving people in accordance with their deserts violates the demands of (comparative) justice.

In my view this student has been treated as she deserves, even though the professor has acted unfairly by giving others a higher grade than they deserve. McLeod’s analysis fits cases such as that of the opera audience where the value of a particular form of treatment is strongly comparative, and his mistake is to try to extend this analysis to deserved treatment generally. 32 David Miller the kind of thing it is, but just because the demand for it exceeds the supply. Money and commodities are the main examples here.

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Desert and Justice (Mind Association Occasional Series) by Serena Olsaretti


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