By Ayodeji Olukoju
Liberia has a powerful connection to the USA in that it was once based through former slaves in 1822. even supposing Liberia had existed as an self reliant African kingdom and a logo of wish to the African peoples less than the guideline of varied colonial powers, its fresh background has been bedeviled by means of a chronic upheaval following an army coup d'etat in 1980. during this context, the narrative highlights the individuality of Liberians of their negotiation of conventional indigenous and glossy practices, and the alterations wrought by way of Christianity and Western impacts.
Read or Download Culture and Customs of Liberia (Culture and Customs of Africa) PDF
Best customs & traditions books
This e-book makes an pressing call for for silence. the power to imagine, to mirror, and to create are all hugely depending on normal entry to silence. but in modern-day noisy, 24/7 society silence and quiet are less than possibility. And the enterprise international in simple terms makes this worse with cynical advertising and marketing innovations abusing the ability of noise: ever-diminishing oases of calm are tough to discover.
“A seminal advisor to Asian lifestyles and proposal. . . . Very hugely steered. ”—Midwest publication evaluate The vintage 1906 essay on tea consuming, its historical past, aesthetics, and deep connection to eastern tradition. Kakuzo Okakura felt “Teaism” may perhaps impact the realm: “Tea with us turns into greater than an idealisation of the shape of consuming; it's a faith of the paintings of lifestyles.
You do not simply circulate the following and instantly develop into a Texan; it takes education. This delightfully witty e-book takes you thru the method of figuring out our dialog, why and the way we gown the way in which we do, why pickups are a truth of lifestyles, and the way you could collect the mandatory massive hair. Fixin' to Be Texan pokes mild enjoyable on the Texas mystique.
First released in 1987, optimistic ingesting is a sequence of unique case experiences geared up into 3 sections according to 3 significant capabilities of consuming. the 3 optimistic services are: that consuming has a true social position in daily life; that ingesting can be utilized to build a terrific global; and that consuming is an important financial job.
Additional resources for Culture and Customs of Liberia (Culture and Customs of Africa)
This is given expression in various ways. First is the belief in the return of ancestral spirits through masquerades. Prayers are therefore offered to ancestors. Second is the practice, which became rife during the Liberian civil war, of eating the heart (or other body parts) of a dead human, especially a great or brave person, in the hope of either ensuring the continuity of that person’s spirit or appropriating that person’s spiritual potency by inheritance or appropriation. Such was the fate of initiates who died during their seclusion in the Poro bush school (a camp in the forest where initiates were groomed) and who were deemed to have been eaten by the bush devil.
However, opposition to the slave trade in the early nineteenth century provided the basis for a consensus between repatriates and those indigenous Africans who had been victimized by the trade. The American Colonization Society and the Establishment of the Liberian Colony, 1816–47 Beginning in 1816, the American Colonization Society (ACS), supported by such leading Americans as senators Henry Clay and Daniel Webster and presidents Thomas Jefferson, James Madison, and James Monroe, worked toward the creation of a colony in Africa for free blacks and manumitted slaves, along the lines of an earlier British effort at Sierra Leone.
Fahnbulleh; People’s Democratic Party of Liberia (PDPL)—George T. Washington; United People’s Party (UPP)—Gabriel B. Matthews; National Democratic Party of Liberia (NDPL)—George E. S. ; and Liberia People’s Party (LPP)—Togba Nah Tipoteh. With a high voter turnout—90 percent of some one million registered voters—the elections were adjudged free and fair in the circumstances. The NPFL’s Charles Taylor won an overwhelming victory in the presidential elections, as the people wisely opted to validate his military victory at the polls to avert a continuation of the war, and his party took 75 percent of the Senate and House of Representatives seats by proportional representation.
Culture and Customs of Liberia (Culture and Customs of Africa) by Ayodeji Olukoju