By Rupert Ivan Murrill
Cranial and Postcranial Skeletal continues to be from Easter Island was first released in 1968. Minnesota Archive variants makes use of electronic expertise to make long-unavailable books once more available, and are released unaltered from the unique college of Minnesota Press editions.
An archaeological day trip to Easter Island and the East Pacific was once prepared and financed via Thor Heyerdahl, the Norwegian anthropologist of Kon-Tiki fame, in 1955 -1956. even though Professor Murrill used to be now not a member of the excursion, he was once requested to check and research, from the perspective of actual anthropology, the human skeletal fabric which was once chanced on by way of the day trip in excavations on Easter Island. Professor Murrill carried out an in depth exam of the is still, utilizing such tools as metrical measurements, morphological observations, and analyses of blood crew gene frequencies.
In this ebook he offers the genuine info caused by his learn, a lot of it within the kind of complete tables, and his conclusions. The findings throw major gentle at the query of the place the prehistoric Easter Islanders got here from. opposite to theories favorite by way of Mr. Heyerdahl and others that those humans and their tradition derived from prehistoric settlements at the west coast of South the US, Professor Murrill concludes that the Easter Island humans have been Polynesian in foundation and they could have come from the Marquesas Islands. He reveals it not likely Negroid migration (possibly from Melanesia) antedated a Polynesian one to Easter Island and, at the foundation of his assessment of blood staff structures, he means that the Polynesian and the yankee Indian kinds can be derived from an analogous gene pool in East Asia.
The booklet is illustrated with pictures, drawings, and maps, and there's a sizeable bibliography.
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Extra info for Cranial and Postcranial Skeletal Remains from Easter Island
Glenoid Fossa Depth. 95 per cent are medium to deep. Postglenoid Process. Mainly small to medium. Tympanic Plate. 8 per cent thin to medium. 1 100. 0 Petrous Depression. 4 per cent slight to medium. Dehiscences. Present in 15 per cent. Auditory Meatus. Mainly round or oval. Condyle Elevations. 4 per cent are medium to high. Spina Angularis Sphenoidei. 4 per cent are medium to marked. Posterior Condyloid Foramen. 0 per cent bilateral. Precondylar Tubercles (Broman, 1957). 6 per cent. 8 per cent exhibit precondyler tubercles.
Diam. Inferior Tr. Diam. Vert. For. Sag. Diam. Vert. For. Tr. Diam. Lumbar Index Total Lumbar Index 16 18 16 16 18 19 25 24 19 20 26 27 15 15 15 15 17 17 19 17 17 18 21 22 24 25 26 29 22 23 24 26 30 31 15 15 15 16 15 15 19 20 18 19 24 24 28 30 23 24 29 34 16 15 16 14 21 20 24 26 15 14 20 22 27 36 24 38 17 16 21 24 26 37 26 41 16 15 LUMBAR 1 F, F2 F3 23 24 25 38 25 41 19 18 F! 7 F! = No. 129, F 2 = No. 130, F3 = No. 131. In vertebrae present no evidence of spina bifida, spondyloschisis, non-pathological fusion or additional ribs in Nos.
23 22 23 22 23 22 23 23 33 29 29 27 Vert. For. Tr. Diam. 80 77 81 77 Maximum Tr. Diam. 45 41 41 37 Maximum Sag. Diam. M! = No. 122, Ms = No. 123, M3 = No. 124, F, = No. 125. No. 122 (Mi). Atlas vertebra has posterior tubercle of spine and cervical spinous process is non-bifid. Cervical spinous process is bifid-bifurcate bifid-cleft in vertebrae 2 5 6 . Vertebra 7 has duplicate transverse foramina both sides (left and right). No. 123 (M2). Cervical spinous process is bifid-bifurcate in vetebrae 2, 3, 4, 6; bifid-cleft in vertebra 5; non-bifid in vetebrae 1, 7.
Cranial and Postcranial Skeletal Remains from Easter Island by Rupert Ivan Murrill