By Eve Gruntfest, John Handmer
This quantity is the court cases of a NATO-sponsored complex learn Institute (ASI) entitled "Coping with Flash Floods" held in Ravello, Italy on 8-17 November 1999. Thirty-five members from 9 international locations attended the ASI, representing either constructed (United States, England, Italy, and Mexico) and constructing (Poland, Uganda, Greece, Ukraine, and Slovenia) nations. members from quite a few professions and disciplines have been concerned together with a hydraulics engineering professor from Slovenia, 4 individuals from the Polish Institute of Meteorology and Water administration, and a U. S. Geological Survey learn hydrologist from Puerto Rico. even though the ASI used to be formally composed of teachers and scholars, those roles have been blurred as all people shared details and concepts, and discovered from the opposite individuals in the course of the 10 days. one of many highlights of the ASI used to be the collaborative attempt of individuals from diversified international locations and disciplines. It used to be fairly remarkable that the 2 engineers from Greece made the main passionate pleas for long-term sustainable suggestions to flash floods. an extra instance is that whereas there have been merely 3 contributors with social technology backgrounds, many of the innovations specialize in the coverage and societal priorities, greater than the engineering, hydrologic or meteorologic efforts.
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4. Hydrology: Analyzing and Modeling Runoff Characteristics A common characteristic of many mid-latitude flash flood events is that they are usually produced by mesoscale convective systems embedded in larger-scale systems that produce large rainfall accumulation over time windows of several hours to a few days. The larger-scale precipitation areas are generally triggered by various synoptic scale systems, and the mesoscale precipitation maxima are derived from the impact of the atmospheric disturbances on the geomorphologic features of the given region.
R. (1979) Synoptic and meso-alpha scale aspects of flash flood events. Bulletin American Meteorological SOCiety, 60, 115-123. , and Canova, F. (1980) Meteorological characteristics of heavy precipitation and flash flood events over the western United States. NOAA Technical Memorandum ERL APCL-23, Boulder, CO, 87 pp. National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (1988) Meteorological analysis of the Cheyenne, Wyoming flash flood and hailstorm of I August 1985. NOAA Technical Report ERL 435-FSL /, Boulder, CO, 51 pp.
Cutter el al.  and Lowry el al.  provide especially useful techniques. Rather than develop yet another means of measuring and presenting social vulnerability, the work presented here builds on what has already been done, but does so in a different light. Specifically, the method presented by Lowry el al.  to evaluate social vulnerability (as opposed to their entire methodology, which includes hazard factors and social factors at the macro and micro scales) is extracted and applied, using GIS, to an area subject to flash flooding.
Coping With Flash Floods by Eve Gruntfest, John Handmer