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By Oleg M. Anshakov, Tamás Gergely, Tamas Gergely, Victor K. Finn

ISBN-10: 354043058X

ISBN-13: 9783540430582

Dealing with uncertainty, relocating from lack of information to wisdom, is the point of interest of cognitive techniques. knowing those techniques and modelling, designing, and construction synthetic cognitive structures have lengthy been tough study problems.

This e-book describes the idea and technique of a brand new, scientifically well-founded normal method, and its attention within the type of clever platforms appropriate in disciplines starting from social sciences, corresponding to cognitive technology and sociology, via traditional sciences, similar to existence sciences and chemistry, to technologies, resembling drugs, schooling, and engineering.

The major topic built within the publication is cognitive reasoning investigated at 3 degrees of abstraction: conceptual, formal, and realizational. The authors provide a version of a cognizing agent for the conceptual conception of cognitive reasoning, and so they current a logically well-founded formal cognitive reasoning framework to deal with some of the believable reasoning equipment. They finish with an item version of a cognitive engine.

The e-book is acceptable for researchers, scientists, and graduate scholars operating within the parts of synthetic intelligence, mathematical good judgment, and philosophy.

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Extra resources for Cognitive Reasoning

Sample text

Anshakov, T. 1007/978-3-540-68875-4 4, c Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2010 41 42 4 Constructing a Model of a Cognizing Agent done. The world model is used for the formation of the reaction. The more adequate and flexible the model of the world of the intelligent agent, the more correct his response to the influence of the environment and the more well adapted it will be to the environment. As for the world model itself, it is obvious that the most important role in it belongs to knowledge represented in one form or another.

In fact, there is a cause–effect relation between these statements. The scheme of abductive reasoning Φ →Ψ, Φ Ψ is possible to interpret in this case as follows: The event Φ is the cause of the event Ψ . The event Ψ occurred. Hence the event Φ should occur. In fact the event Ψ cannot occur spontaneously; it should have a cause and it is Φ. Therefore, Φ has also occurred (it had occurred earlier than Ψ , as the cause precedes the consequence in time). However, the event Ψ can have other reasons, which are different from Φ.

However, in our opinion, reasoning of the above-described type is already quite different from reasoning by analogy. Since we assume that it is not correct to call such a rule of reasoning deductive, another term should be offered, differing from both deduction and analogy; for example, it is possible to call this rule causal prediction. The considered examples of widely known plausible rules show that these rules should be formulated not in the language of logical entailment (implication), but in the language of cause–effect relations.

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Cognitive Reasoning by Oleg M. Anshakov, Tamás Gergely, Tamas Gergely, Victor K. Finn

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