Download e-book for iPad: Cognitive Models of Science by Ronald Giere

By Ronald Giere

ISBN-10: 0816619794

ISBN-13: 9780816619795

Publication via Giere, Ronald

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1. Background Much philosophical energy this century has been spent on the problem of conceptual change in science. The major changes in physical theory early in the century thrust the problem of how to understand the seemingly radical reconceptualizations they offered into the spotlight for scientists, historians, and philosophers alike. As we know, the comfort- 8 Nancy J. Nersessian ing picture of conceptual change as continuous and cumulative offered by logical positivism itself suffered a revolutionary upheaval in the mid1960s.

1 Philosophers this century have mostly been working under the assumption that analysis of science takes place within two contexts: justification and discovery. The former is traditionally within the province of philosophers; the latter, of historians and psychologists. Cognitivehistorical analysis takes place in a new context- that of developmentwhich is the province of all three. The context of development 2 is the domain for inquiry into the processes through which a vague speculation gets articulated into a new scientific theory, gets communicated to other scientists, and comes to replace existing representations of a domain.

Lakatos and A. Musgrave, 91-195. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. - - . 1971. History of Science and Its Rational Reconstructions. Boston Studies in the Philosophy of Science, ed. R. C. Buck and R. S. Cohen, vol. 8. Dordrecht: Reidel. , H. A. Simon, G. L. Bradshaw, and J. M. Zytkow. 1987. Scientific Discovery. : MIT Press. Latour, B. 1987. Science in Action. : Harvard University Press. Laudan, L. 1977. Progress and Its Problems. Berkeley: University of California Press. J. 1982. Computer Vision and Perceptual Psychology.

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Cognitive Models of Science by Ronald Giere

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