By Michael J. Lace, John E. Mylroie
Carbonate rock coasts are chanced on world-wide, from continental shores of the Adriatic Sea of Europe to the Yucatan Peninsula of North the USA, and on tropical islands from Rodrigues Island within the Indian Ocean, to the Mariana Islands within the Pacific Ocean, to the Bahama Islands within the Atlantic Ocean. Such coasts are renowned for his or her strange and specified karst landforms. Karst tactics, fairly these linked to coastal landforms, are proving to be unusually detailed and intricate.
This quantity provides a entire evaluate of the strategies linked to coastal karst improvement evaluating examples from a extensive geographical and geomorphological variety of island and continental shoreline/paleoshoreline settings, together with a assessment of pseudokarst approaches that may compete with and overprint dynamic coastal karst landscapes.
As powerful administration of hydrologic assets grows extra complicated, coastal caves and karst signify basic elements in linked coastal aquifers, which within the rock checklist may also shape major petroleum reservoirs.
Audience through delivering a clearer realizing of the geological, organic, archaeological and cultural price of coastal caves and karst assets, this quantity deals a severe instrument to coastal researchers and geoscientists in similar fields and to coastal land managers because it illustrates the range of coastal karst landforms, the original approaches which shaped them, the variety of assets they harbor and their dating to coastal sector protection thoughts and the improvement of sustainable administration approaches.
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Extra resources for Coastal Karst Landforms
Compound effects of entire biologic communities on erosional sculpturing and production of sediment along carbonate coasts were considered by Schneider and Torunski (1983) and biological construction of carbonate deposits was understood as concurrent and inseparable from biological destruction (Kelletat 1985). Ultimately, the concept of coastal “biokarst” (Viles 1984) solidified to recognize that carbonates along marine coasts are shaped by invertebrate action in addition to inorganic and microbially-mediated processes and that this includes both erosion and deposition.
2002). They bore into rock in order to escape environmental stresses and predators. Photoautotrophic microbes remain ecologically limited to nearsurface layers reached by light, as filaments retain connections with the surface (Trenhaile 1987). They can thoroughly pervade rock down to what is known as light compensation depth (Torunski 1979), below which respiration exceeds photosynthetic assimilation. This was seen in microscopic thin sections to be about 1 mm (Horwitz and Roberts 2010) and is not expected to exceed 1 cm (De Waele and Furlani 2013).
G. Whipple et al. 2000). g. Wentworth 1944; Abbott and Pottratz 1969; Tschang 1966). They are roughly bowl-shaped depressions eroded by moving water (Richardson and Carling 2005). Consequently, they are neither karren nor karst, though marine potholes may be considered pseudokarst when they form in limestone. They are included in this chapter because they are rarely discussed in literature (see review by Dionne 1964) despite being very common on limestone coasts. They can also be confused with solution pans, which are true karst features.
Coastal Karst Landforms by Michael J. Lace, John E. Mylroie