Get Clerical Celibacy in the West: c.1100-1700 PDF

By Helen Parish

ISBN-10: 0754639495

ISBN-13: 9780754639497

The talk over clerical celibacy and marriage had its origins within the early Christian centuries, and remains to be a great deal alive within the smooth church. The content material and kind of controversy have remained remarkably constant, yet every one period has chosen and formed the resources that underpin its narrative, and imbued an historic factor with an immediacy and relevance. the fundamental query of even if, and why, continence could be demanded of these who serve on the altar hasn't ever long past away, however the implications of that query, and of the solutions given, have replaced with every one new release. during this reassessment of the historical past of sacerdotal celibacy, Helen Parish examines the emergence and evolution of the celibate priesthood within the Latin church, and the demanding situations posed to this version of the ministry within the period of the Protestant Reformation. Celibacy used to be, and is, intensely own, but in addition polemical, institutional, and old. Clerical celibacy got theological, ethical, and confessional meanings within the writings of its critics and defenders, and its position within the lifetime of the church is still outlined and in terms of broader debates over Scripture, apostolic culture, ecclesiastical historical past, and papal authority. Highlighting continuity and alter in attitudes to priestly celibacy, Helen Parish unearths that the results of celibacy and marriage for the priesthood succeed in deep into the historical past, traditions, and knowing of the church.

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2; cited in Cochini, Apostolic Origins, p. 141. 69 The full implications of this intellectual current were to become apparent in the next two generations of Christian thought and apologetic. Ambrose’s understanding of the relationship between church and society was to resonate in the thought of Augustine, and his interpretation of the Pauline epistle was to be echoed in the writings of Jerome, and in the eventual papal intervention in the debate by Siricius. Evidence of a more negative general attitude to sexuality and marriage is identifiable in the records of the early church and in patristic writing, but also in the doctrine and practice of emergent ascetic groups including the Encratites, and followers of Marcion and Tatian.

19:12)’, Catholic Biblical Quarterly, 30 (July, 1968): 335–8. The literal understanding was sufficiently widespread that the church was moved to condemn mutilation in the fourth century. Origen’s actions were recorded by Eusebius, but the authenticity of the account has been questioned (see, for example, Daniel F. Caner, ‘The Practice and Prohibition of Self Castration in Early Christianity’, Vigilae Christiani, 51 (1997): 396–415). Patristic commentators tended to assume continence rather than castration was implied here.

43–7. 9; Gryson, Les Origines, p. 51; Augustine, City of God 14:17–18. Modern writers have emphasised this negative view of marriage that was common in this period: Muriel Porter, Sex, Marriage and the Church. , 1996), pp. 17–22; Brown, Body and Society, pp. 242–54. 73 B. E. 1 and 2 (1972): 14–38 and 189–212; Frazee, ‘Origins’, 149–67; M. Douglas, Purity and Danger. An Analysis of Concept of Pollution and Taboo (Routledge, 2002). 74 Brown, Body and Society, p. 254. 75 Jerome’s polemic against Jovinian, Vigilantius, and Helvidius on a variety of subjects including marriage and clerical celibacy rearticulated, albeit in a more vigorous form, his more pastoral epistolary encouragements to virginity and chastity addressed to his female correspondents.

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Clerical Celibacy in the West: c.1100-1700 by Helen Parish


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