By C. G. Jung, Gerhard Adler, R. F.C. Hull
Essays relating the modern scene and at the relation of the person to society, together with papers written through the Nineteen Twenties and Thirties targeting the upheaval in Germany, and significant works of Jung's final years, The Undiscovered Self and Flying Saucers.
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Extra resources for Civilization in transition
On the contrary, the mother is an archetypal experience; she is experienced by the more or less unconscious child not as a definite, individual feminine personality but as the mother, an archetype charged with an immensity of possible meanings. As life proceeds the primordial image fades and is replaced by a conscious, relatively individual image, which is assumed to be the only mother-image we have. But in the unconscious the mother always remains a powerful primordial image, colouring and even determining throughout life our relations to woman, to society, to the world of feeling and fact, yet in so subtle a way that, as a rule, there is no conscious perception of the process.
This feeling is not just a sentiment, but an important psy chological fact which Levy-Bruhl, in an altogether different context, has called participation mystique. The fact denoted by this not immediately understandable expression plays a great role in the psychology of primitives as well as in analytical psy chology. To put it briefly, it means a state of identity in mutual unconsciousness. Perhaps I should explain this further. If the same unconscious complex is constellated in two people at the same time, it produces a remarkable emotional effect, a projec tion, which causes either a mutual attraction or a mutual repul sion.
There are just as many neurotics among primitives as among civilized Europeans. Hys terical Africans are by no means rare in Africa. These disagree able manifestations of the unconscious account in large measure for the primitive fear of demons and the resultant rites of propitiation. a7 The compensatory function of the unconscious naturally does not contain in itself the conscious valuation, although it is wholly dependent on the conscious way of thinking. The un conscious can supply, at most, the germs of conscious convictions or of symbol-formation.
Civilization in transition by C. G. Jung, Gerhard Adler, R. F.C. Hull