Download PDF by Gerald Figal: Civilization and Monsters

By Gerald Figal

ISBN-10: 0822324180

ISBN-13: 9780822324188

В книге исследуется изменения представлений японцев об фантастическом и монстроозном. С наступлением епохи Мейдзи с ее новыми законами и модернизацией, все мистическое должно быть забыто. Вместо этого его начинают исследовать как что-то, що являеться частью души японца. Фигаль затрагивает историю этих этноголоческих исследований, но нужно также принимать во внимание, что то что являеться его обьектом, полностью отделено от синто, в его государственном значении. Это народное синто смешаные с буддизмом, народные легенды и мифы, которые не входят в официальною религию, все же, это - то, что предсавляе японцев нам и сейчас. Работа Фигаля являеться одной из самых основательных в этой сфере.

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Sample text

As the site o f transcendental religious experience, Inoue’s True M ystery resembles Spencer’s Unknowable; as the ground o f phenomenon, the contours o f w hich are circumscribed by human knowledge, it is akin to Kant’s noumenon. 9 For Inoue, then, the question o f monsters revolved around the boundaries o f knowledge, in sorting out what could be known w ithin the sciences (viewed as the sum and summit o f positive human knowledge) and what could not. 10 Am id this rearrangement o f the relationship between scientific rea­ soning and common beliefs, local practices are branded by the stigma o f superstition (meishin, literally “errant b elie f” ).

Sasaki and Morioka have argued that the grotesque exaggeration and distortion used to elicit laughter in rakugo “exists between two worlds, our real world and, at the same, something that surpasses it” and thus serves to drama­ tize an alienated world to which the artist can respond with a positive attitude about the superiority o f this world or with a negative attitude Bakumatsu Bakemono 27 that criticizes it: “O bjectively looked upon w ith detachment, grotesque is an unrealistic description o f the real world.

But, when outlining exactly to what kind o f practical application such a human science should aspire, these two academic dilettantes and pioneers o f folk study parted company. In Inoue’s case, his characterization o f monsterology’s relationship alongside established disciplines and his pronouncements o f its social value expose the polemics behind his seemingly innocent cataloguing o f folk beliefs. At the root o f his objections to the common definition o f what constituted yokai or fushigi was the recognition o f quantitative changes in the supernatural as a function o f qualitative and quantitative changes in a people’s fund o f knowledge and experience.

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Civilization and Monsters by Gerald Figal


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