By Elliott Converse, Air University Press, Dennis M. Drew
In December 1942, slightly a yr after the U.S. had entered international battle II, the yankee army institution was once already making plans a postwar in a foreign country base community. even though at the start designed to aid a global police strength, the plans more and more assumed a countrywide personality because the Grand Alliance dissolved into the confrontations of the chilly battle. Dr. speak not just illustrates how military, military, and Air strength planners went approximately their paintings but additionally analyzes the varied components influencing the character, volume, and site of the projected base procedure. those incorporated standards for postwar US actual and fiscal safeguard, swiftly altering know-how, interservice rivalries, civil-military conflicts, and reactions by way of different international locations to the possibility of yank bases close to or on their soil.
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Additional resources for Circling the Earth: United States Plans for a Postwar Overseas Military Base System, 1942-1948
ATC Plans Report no. 33, 10 January 1943, for example, dismissed the Australian proposal for an alternate South Pacific route (the area could be better policed after the war from mid–Pacific islands, its author claimed). ATC Plans Report no. 39, 1 March 1943, was an investigation of the United States’s postwar air transportation potential illustrated with a map of polar air routes. ATC Plans Report no. S. 62 The AAF’s commanding general had authorized this postwar planning in October 1942 when he wrote ATC’s commander: 17 CIRCLING THE EARTH It is necessary in all of our air transport operations, that we consider the effect of our current and projected activities on the air transport operations, both military and civil, after the war.
Given the results of Pan American’s prewar activities in Latin America and the Pacific, nothing was more natural for the mili39 CIRCLING THE EARTH tary than to accept close ties between civil and military aviation in places like French Oceania (and later Alaska). Yet, the promise of mutual facilities did not always mean harmony of purpose between military and commercial aviation; each suspected that the other might foul the common nest. The ATC planners, in suggesting that well-developed overseas air transport facilities could serve as the framework around which to erect a military base structure in wartime, were trying to avoid the chill that extensive military demands for overseas base rights would likely bring upon negotiations for commercial aviation privileges in the same country.
Or would the government yield to the demands of more than 15 domestic carriers and throw the field open to all, thereby putting an end to Pan American’s virtual monopoly? None of this would make any difference, however, if other nations closed their airports to US commercial aircraft or made access so restrictive as to discourage the entry of American carriers. There were several positions on this complicated question. Some, who believed the United States was strong enough simply to bull its way into overseas aviation markets, took a bellicose stance.
Circling the Earth: United States Plans for a Postwar Overseas Military Base System, 1942-1948 by Elliott Converse, Air University Press, Dennis M. Drew