By Joe M. Richardson
"Joe Richardson's Christian Reconstruction is an excellent addition to ancient scholarship at the paintings of yank missionaries one of the freedmen through the Civil struggle and Reconstruction. . . . with out query, this is often the main entire heritage of the yankee Missionary organization (AMA), and not anyone has exposed as a lot distinctive details on the other Northern relief society. wealthy intimately and strongly urged, the booklet argues that the AMA struggled to arrange the liberated slaves for civil and political equality by means of releasing them of the shackles of lack of expertise, superstition and sin.This publication should be learn via all these attracted to Northern academic and social reformers within the Reconstruction South."
--The magazine of yank History
"In an awfully balanced learn Richardson has synthesized a wealth of assets and examine to supply a completely convincing interpretation of the AMA and southern blacks. along with exploring kin among the 2, his major target has been to evaluate the AMA's effectiveness in bringing blacks into the yankee mainstream. due to his winning labors, now we have a much-needed finished examine of that almost all influential missionary association. even if addressing conflicts among the AMA and the U.S. army over the therapy of contrabands, fees of racism between black and white missionaries, or the standard of organization faculties, Richardson doesn't permit his visible admiration for the AMA to intrude. . . . With daring good judgment and huge subtlety Richardson has made a magnificent contribution.
--The magazine of Southern History
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Extra info for Christian Reconstruction: The American Missionary Association and Southern Blacks, 1861-1890
The black soldiers attended class as much as consistent with their duties. "I am sure that I have never witnessed greater eagerness to study," wrote a Corp d'Afrique chaplain. " During his free time McMasters taught an additional school for children living within Union lines. When part of the corps was transferred to Baton Rouge, Whitcomb followed. Since the soldiers were so occupied with training or fatigue duty, Whitcomb opened a night school for adults. 17 Teachers followed black soldiers everywhere except into battle, and they almost uniformly claimed that the soldiers were eager to learn.
These tunes, not surprisingly, often angered southern whites. A white woman listening to students at Francis L. Cardozo's Charleston school exclaimed bitterly, "Oh, I wish I could put a torch to that building! "17 Manners, truthfulness, punctuality, and industry were stressed in all classes. " Harriet Townsend, a St. Louis teacher, attacked deceitfulness, hypocrisy, and untruthfulness, the "bitter fruits of slavery," among her students. In Savannah, Cornelia A. " The AMA's obsession with thrift and industry resulted in the formation of "industrial" classes in many schools.
The American Missionary naturally mirrored Tappan's views, but at its 1865 annual meeting the general AMA membership approved black suffrage and full citizenship. " There was no meaning to liberty that left a people stripped of civil rights. "Emancipation and liberty," the association added, "were but empty and mocking words if they do not convey the idea and rights of citizenship; and we protest against excluding men from the rights of citizenship, civil or political on account of their color.
Christian Reconstruction: The American Missionary Association and Southern Blacks, 1861-1890 by Joe M. Richardson