By A. Robertson
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20 What Is Intelligence? 3. Analysis may be conceived as the means of providing warnings of major events, particularly attack, and of providing long-term estimates, trends and assessments of developments in major regions or important functional areas, based on empirical evidence . 4. Analysis may consist of pieces of current information on specialized military, political, and economic topics of concern to policy-makers, These might range from data bases which provide current facts, to short reports on current developments in various regions on specialized subjects.
As today there are more than 150 states and 400 foreign governmental intelligence and security services, a CI estimate by apower with global interests can be extensive . 2. Case reports on the activities of [oreign intelligence services. CI prepares studies and reports on the personnel and modus operandi of adversary services. ) CI maintains files and obtains as much information as possible on the activities of other services. 3. Neutralization and manipulation ofother services. CI has responsibility for preventing other intelligence serviees from achieving their objectives and , if possible, for manipulating these services.
The literature on the relationship between deception and analysis is one of the growing points in intelligence studies. For illustrations of how German, Israeli, Russian , and American analysts have been misled, see Daniel and Herberg, op. , the essays by Epstein and Handel in Intelligenee Requirements [or the 1980's: Analysis and Estimates, op. ; and the essay by William Harris in Intelligence Requirements [or the 1980's: Counterintelligence, op. eit. 36 What 1s1ntelligence? 35. For a diseussion of the interrelationships between collection, counterin telligence, and covert action , see the papers and the remarks of former senior US practitioners in Intelligence Requirements [or the 1980's: Counterintelligence, op.
British and American Approaches to Intelligence by A. Robertson