Read e-book online Breakthrough: Emerging New Thinking : Soviet and Western PDF

By Anatoly Gromyko

ISBN-10: 0802710263

ISBN-13: 9780802710260

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Extra info for Breakthrough: Emerging New Thinking : Soviet and Western Scholars Issue a Challenge to Build a World Beyond War

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The American response was to “let the Soviets know that we know” how close in they had moved. This was done by raising the alert level at several SAC bomber bases and ultimately by dispersing the aircraft to other bases. Such an action in a crisis might suggest that the bomber force was preparing to launch against the USSR. These actions were apparently detected almost immediately by Soviet electronic reconnaissance satellites or by other technical means. The Soviet submarines soon moved from their close-in positions to their usual deployments farther out in the Atlantic.

Cumulatively, they all add up. Together, whether it be because of one cause or another, there are too many potential causes to ignore. Combined, the probability is so great that sooner or later the holocaust is certain. That is the danger. All together, there are too many causes. No matter how improbable each may be individually, the cumulative probability that one or another will lead to war is not small at all. It is absolutely certain if we continue in our present mode. 6 / Breakthrough: Emerging New Thinking All these sources of risk stem from a single mind-set, the mind-set of war: War is possible, even acceptable, if need be.

The effect of the thousands of orders issued was to create an unstoppable chain reaction of reinforcing alerts. The alerts acted like ratchets, step-by-step moving Europe into war but unable to function in reverse toward peace. ” In the summer of 1914, everything functioned the way it was supposed to. There were no accidents in the usual sense of the term. Political leaders lost control of the tremendous momentum built up when their armies went on alert. The institutions designed to protect the peace moved the nations of Europe into war.

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Breakthrough: Emerging New Thinking : Soviet and Western Scholars Issue a Challenge to Build a World Beyond War by Anatoly Gromyko


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