By Tim Cornell
Towns within the historical global depended on inner most generosity to supply many easy facilities, in addition to looking ahead to major electorate to pay for 'bread and circuses' - unfastened nutrition and public leisure. This choice of essays through best students from the united kingdom and united states explores the real phenomenon of benefaction and public patronage in Roman Italy. starting from the overdue republican interval to the later Roman Empire, the contributions hide quite a lot of issues, together with the effect of benefactions and benefactors at the city improvement of Roman Italy, on cultural and financial job, and at the altering position of video games and gala's in Roman society. in addition they discover the connection among groups and their benefactors, even if those have been neighborhood notables, senators, or the emperor himself, and think about how the character of benefaction replaced less than the Empire.
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Extra resources for 'Bread and Circuses': Euergetism and Municipal Patronage in Roman Italy (Routledge Classical Monographs)
9. 19ff ): ‘adiutoria senectutis, nec minus propugnacula’; the assumption is that a younger woman will look after an older man. Children: Wiedemann 1989: 39–43. Alumnus as support in old age: Stat. Silv. 69: ‘Tu domino requies portusque senectae’. Saller 1994: 48, estimates that at age 55, 20 per cent of women and 12 per cent of men would have had no surviving children. One example of the assumptions that coin-hoards point to destruction by ‘barbarians’: James 1988: 37. Political instability does not rule out an increasing need for peculiumreserves, as individuals become deracinated.
1 It was, therefore, a form of benefaction which had a unique impact on the physical development of the urban environment, and also provides a powerful reflection of the cultural identity of a city and the way in which it was shaped by civic patrons and benefactors. Paradoxically, it is also one of the areas in which patterns of benefaction, and in particular the motivations for it, are least clear. There is a wealth of evidence – mostly archaeological and epigraphic – for the construction and reconstruction of public buildings in Roman Italy, but the reasons for preferring certain types of building at particular times, and for undertaking the cost of a construction programme at all, are frequently ambiguous.
1990) ‘The dependant tenant: land leasing and labour in Italy and Greece’, JRS 80: 97–114. Fraenkel, E. (1916) ‘Zur Geschichte des Wortes Fides’, Rheinisches Museum 71: 187–99. W. (1975) ‘Theory, Evidence and the Ancient Economy’, JRS 65: 164–71. M. (1993) Markets and Fairs in Roman Italy, Oxford: Clarendon Press. W. (1991) Risk and Survival in Ancient Greece, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. A. ), (1980) Non-slave Labour in the Greco-Roman World, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. A.
'Bread and Circuses': Euergetism and Municipal Patronage in Roman Italy (Routledge Classical Monographs) by Tim Cornell