By Robert Black
This is often the 1st biography of 1 of the exceptional humanists of the fifteenth-century Renaissance. Benedetto Accolti's pursuits ranged from rhetoric, humanism and Italian poetry to Roman legislations, from ancient idea and medieval antiquarianism to the crusades and church heritage, and his paintings as a pupil, writer and historian is put in a large context stretching from antiquity to the eighteenth century. The highbrow, political and fiscal milieu of Accolti's local urban of Arezzo, missed in sleek scholarship, is explored, and the significance of Accolti's occupation as chancellor of Florence, his position in bringing the hot studying to the chancery and his paintings as an administrative reformer are famous for the 1st time. Florence's reaction to the Turkish risk and contribution to papal crusading efforts are reinterpreted, and new information about Accolti's connections with best Florentine patricians is dropped at mild.
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Extra resources for Benedetto Accolti and the Florentine Renaissance
In the 1330s Maestro Gregorio lived in the parish of Sant'Apollinare in the Sesto of San Pancrazio in Florence, and he was still resident there in 1351, when he is mentioned in the tax register for the quarter of Santa Croce (into which the Sesto of San Pancrazio had been incorporated). He established himself quickly in Florence, becoming a captain of Orsanmichele in 1324 and marrying into an old Florentine family, the Compagni, in 1337. As a member of the gente nuova he seems to have risen too rapidly in Florentine society, for along with other recent immigrants he was disqualified from holding public office in Florence in October 1346.
106 After Geri, however, classical scholarship in Arezzo suffered a setback, owing largely to the collapse of the Aretine commune in the early fourteenth century which led to the temporary closure of the university. Nevertheless, the Aretine intellectual tradition remained vital and an interest in classical studies continued; in fact, Arezzo was the only centre of learning in Italy to maintain a continuous tradition of humanist scholarship from the earliest days of pre-humanism until the full bloom of the Renaissance in the fifteenth century.
19r. For the Florentine role in Aretine direct and indirect taxation, cf. Benigni, 'Fonti', and Carbone, 'Note*. For the regulations used to fill communal offices in Arezzo under Florentine rule, cf. Guidi, II governo, iii, 40—5, for the end of the fourteenth century and ASF, Tratte, 8 6 1 , 8 6 2 , 8 7 0 for the fifteenth century. Cf. ASF, Tratte, 8 7 0 , Imborsati e capitoli (1412), not foliated; ASA, Estr. 6, fol. , 7, fol. 14v, 52r, 69r. ASA, P r o w . 5, fol. 2 1 7 r - v , 2 2 3 r - v , 227v, 228r.
Benedetto Accolti and the Florentine Renaissance by Robert Black