By Kennon A. Lattal, Philip N. Chase
This quantity relies on a convention held at West Virginia college in April, 2000 in popularity of the career-long contributions to psychology of Hayne W. Reese, Centennial Professor of Psychology, who retired from the collage on the finish of the 1999-2000 educational 12 months. even if Professor Reese can be even greater identified for his contributions to developmental psychology, his influential scholarly paintings on philosophical and conceptual concerns that effect all of psychology supplied the impetus for the confer ence. habit thought and philosophy used to be the identify given through Professor Reese and one of many authors during this quantity, Jon Krapfl, to a path that they built at West Virginia college within the overdue Seventies. 1t appeared appro priate to undertake its name for either the convention and this quantity because the shared subject includes the guidelines that experience formed glossy habit research. a couple of humans contributed to the good fortune of the may perhaps, 2000 confer ence honoring Hayne Reese and we thank all of them for his or her efforts: Dean Duane Nellis of the Eberly collage of Arts and Sciences at WVU provided enthusiastic help for the undertaking either financially and during his as signment of employees to assist with the convention. Mark Dalessandro, kinfolk Director for the Eberly university of Arts and Sciences, served because the "point guy" for the convention and made the entire neighborhood preparations either in the collage and the community.
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The foregOing arguments show that behavior analysis embraces a pragmatic concern with what can be manipulated in space and time to better the human condition. One cannot manipulate the concepts of cognitive psychology, such as a hypothetical underlying state or processing mechanism. Indeed, by accepting causal factors from a mental dimension, one does not even investigate factors that can be manipulated in space and time. Chomsky's linguistic theories have garnered much attention in the world of academic psycholinguistics, but as he himself readily admits, they are not of much value when it comes to teaching language skills to developmentally disabled individuals.
Skinner, B. F. (1938). The behavior of organisms. New York: Appleton-Century-Crofts. Skinner, B. F. (1972). Experimental psychology. Cumulative record (pp. 295-313). New York: Appleton-Century-Crofts. (Reprinted from Current trends in psychology, pp. 16-49, by W. , 1947, Pittsburgh, PA: University of Pittsburgh Press) Skinner, B. F. (1953). Science and human behavior. New York: Macmillan. Skinner, B. F. (1957). Verbal behavior. New York: Appleton-Century-Crofts. Skinner, B. F. (1964). Behaviorism at fifty.
But what if there are alternative causes for an event? Presumably, gasoline vapor could be caused to explode (given other necessary conditions) by either the flame of a match or the spark from a plug. As Copi (1982) noted, if there can be a plurality of causes, then inferences about necessary and sufficient cause-effect relations are not possible. This question of the plurality of causes is ordinarily answered by focusing on a specific, particular event, with specific, particular participating factors.
Behavior Theory and Philosophy by Kennon A. Lattal, Philip N. Chase