Bedouin Ethnobotany: Plant Concepts and Uses in a Desert by James P. Mandaville PDF

By James P. Mandaville

ISBN-10: 0816529000

ISBN-13: 9780816529001

A Bedouin asking a fellow tribesman approximately grazing stipulations in different elements of the rustic says first easily, “Fih hayah?” or “Is there life?” A desolate tract Arab’s wisdom of the sparse crops is tied on to his existence and livelihood.

Bedouin Ethnobotany deals the 1st specified research of plant makes use of one of the Najdi Arabic–speaking tribal peoples of jap Saudi Arabia. It additionally makes an important contribution to the bigger undertaking of ethnobotany through describing points of a nomadic peoples’ conceptual relationships with the vegetation in their homeland.

the fashionable theoretical foundation for experiences of the people class and nomenclature of crops used to be constructed from money owed of peoples who have been small-scale agriculturists and, to a lesser quantity, hunter-gatherers. This booklet fills a tremendous hole through extending such learn into the area of the nomadic pastoralist and exploring the level to which those styles are legitimate for one more significant subsistence kind. James P. Mandaville, an Arabic speaker who lived in Saudi Arabia for a few years, focuses first at the position of crops in Bedouin existence, explaining their makes use of for farm animals forage, firewood, medicinals, nutrients, and dyestuffs, and studying different sensible reasons. He then explicates the conceptual and linguistic elements of his topic, employing the idea constructed by means of Brent Berlin and others to a formerly unstudied inhabitants. Mandaville additionally seems on the lengthy heritage of Bedouin plant nomenclature, discovering that little or no has replaced one of the names and classifications in approximately 11 centuries.

This quantity contains a CD-ROM that includes greater than 340 colour photographs of the folks, the terrain, and the majority of the vegetation pointed out within the textual content in addition to an audio dossier of a conventional Bedouin tune and its translation and analysis.

a necessary quantity for a person attracted to the interplay among human tradition and plants, Bedouin Ethnobotany will stand as a definitive resource for years to come.

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Extra resources for Bedouin Ethnobotany: Plant Concepts and Uses in a Desert Pastoral World

Example text

Shallow sands cover most of the coastal lowlands, and in some parts, particularly in the Jafurah sand body south of about 26°N, these sands may be heaped up into permanent areas of wind-blown dunes. Limestone or sandstone bedrock erosion remnants in some areas rise above the sand surface, but they seldom stand more than 30 to 60 m above mean local elevation. This coastal region includes the ancient and still important spring-fed  t h e la n d oases of al-Qatif on the coast and al-Hasa farther inland, and water sources are overall more plentiful in this region than in other topographic regions of the study area.

Board on Geographic Names. For the scientific taxonomy and nomenclature of vascular plants, I follow Mandaville 1990, which is still reasonably up to date. I refer also to one or two species not found in the coverage area of that flora or subsequently described as new. All reference identifiers in the text beginning with the prefix “CD” refer to photographs or other materials on the CD-ROM provided in the back pocket. 1. The part enclosed by the dotted line is what I would refer to as the “core area,” which is that region ranged by my primary consultants’ tribes and in which I have fairly complete scientific taxonomic knowledge of the flora.

Smooth terrain is ideal for off-road vehicle travel. A major topographical feature is the broad, linear, southwest-to-northeast-aligned depression of al-Batin, the course of which marks the line of a major flow channel cut during earlier pluvial times. Water resources in all of this area today are very poor, and the few hand-dug wells are deep (40–60 m). Even deepdrilled boreholes provide only poor-quality water. South of roughly the Twenty-third Parallel, the study area enters the northern precincts of the Rub‘ al-Khali, which has a total area of some 650,000 km2 and has been described as the largest area of continuous sand cover in the world.

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Bedouin Ethnobotany: Plant Concepts and Uses in a Desert Pastoral World by James P. Mandaville

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