By Thomas Ambrosio
Ambrosio examines 5 innovations that an more and more authoritarian Russia has followed to maintain the Kremlin's political energy: insulate, bolster, subvert, redefine and coordinate. each one approach seeks to counter or undermine neighborhood democratic tendencies either at domestic and through the former Soviet Union. rules equivalent to those are of significant crisis to the turning out to be literature on how autocratic regimes have gotten extra energetic of their resistance to democracy. via precise case reviews of every approach, this ebook makes major contributions to our understandings of Russian household and international regulations, democratization conception, and the coverage demanding situations linked to democracy advertising.
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Extra resources for Authoritarian Backlash: Russian Resistance to Democratization in the Former Soviet Union
Ray (2000: 313) observed that ‘as democracies become increasingly predominant in the international system, they will provoke augmented hostility from the increasingly outnumbered autocratic states. … [T]he increasingly besieged, outnumbered autocratic states might be encouraged to engage in less conflict and more cooperation among themselves’. One means by which authoritarian states can do this is by establishing and supporting international organizations to protect their own and like-minded governments from the possibility of regime change.
4. Its decided shift away from democracy between 2003–2004 obscured the democratic gains made by Georgia, Ukraine, and Kyrgyzstan. 2, which separates Russia from the rest of the Hybrid regimes. As illustrated in this chart, one can see a steady progression toward authoritarianism with shifts occurring after the 1996 presidential election, the accession of Putin to the presidency, and 2004. 2 Average Freedom House ratings for Russia and the Color Revolution countries There have been three significant developments in the pattern of political change in the former Soviet Union.
States interested in the spread of democracy use a mix of punishments and benefits (or the threat or promise thereof) to bring about regime change. If authoritarian regimes begin moving toward a democratic transition, then they are rewarded with closer ties, aid and loans, trade concessions, or other benefits; if they persist in suppressing their people, then they are punished through a variety of means such as international isolation, trade and economic sanctions, or aid to opposition groups. In the present ������������������������������������ One notable exception is Ahlin 2003.
Authoritarian Backlash: Russian Resistance to Democratization in the Former Soviet Union by Thomas Ambrosio