By Abida Farooqi
This ebook provides an up to the moment assessment of arsenic and fluoride toxins of soil and groundwater in Pakistan. It contains the author’s doctoral dissertation on Lahore as a case research and describes the mechanism of toxins at the foundation of the findings in that sector. The e-book highlights the concrete state of affairs in Pakistan – together with the severity of the matter, its health and wellbeing results and the dangers posed to the folk dwelling in affected components via those significant toxins– and issues out crucial examine components that decision for fast realization. As such, it attracts consciousness to the necessity for administration suggestions within the affected components and gives a priceless reference paintings on Pakistan for college kids and researchers alike.
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Additional resources for Arsenic and Fluoride Contamination: A Pakistan Perspective
References Abernathy CO, Thomas DJ, Calderon RL (2003) Health and risk assessment of arsenic. J Nutr 133:1536–1538 Ahmad T, Kahlown MA, Tahir A, Rashid H (2004) Arsenic an emerging issue: experience from Pakistan. People centered approaches to water and environmental sanitation. In: Thirtieth WEDC international conference. WEDC, Vientiane, Lao PDR, 25–29 Oct 2004, pp 459–466 Akram S (1997) Arsenic problem. Daily Sangbad of Bangladesh Arain MB, Kazi TG, Baig JA, Jamali MK, Afridi HI, Jalbani N, Sarfraz RA, Shah AQ, Kandhro GA (2009a) Respiratory effects in people exposed to arsenic via the drinking water and tobacco smoking in southern part of Pakistan.
Sediments were also collected from outcrops up to 500 cm from the surface of alluvial plain. 4 Sampling 45 Fig. 10 Soil sampling locations the laboratory the samples were oven dried, crushed and sieved to remove the materials >2 mm. • Sediment cores Based on the results of groundwaters, six sites were selected for drilling to observe the aquifer structure in the study area. A rotary drill rig method was used for the drilling only at one site KL-ES to obtain undisturbed sediment cores, while at other ﬁve sites the local conventional method was used just for observing the sediments.
In the studied areas, there is also no sewer system, thus household wastewater is widely stored in cesspools or directly disposed in the environment. In the study region, pit latrines, unlined sewage discharge channels, and open ponds are used for disposal of human and animal sewage, are in hydraulic continuity with the underlying unconﬁned shallow aquifer which is tapped by the majority of shallow wells sampled in the study area (20–27 m total depth). As most of the wells used for local people are shallow, those are easily affected by contaminants from human activities.
Arsenic and Fluoride Contamination: A Pakistan Perspective by Abida Farooqi