By Ms. Sarah Iles Johnston
Spiritual ideals and practices, which permeated all points of lifestyles in antiquity, traveled well-worn routes during the Mediterranean: itinerant charismatic practitioners travelling from position to put peddled their talents as healers, purifiers, cursers, and initiators; and vessels adorned with illustrations of myths traveled with them. New gods encountered in overseas lands by way of retailers and conquerors have been occasionally taken domestic to be tailored and followed. This choice of essays by means of a wonderful overseas crew of students, drawn from the groundbreaking reference paintings faith within the historic international, deals an expansive, comparative standpoint in this advanced non secular global.
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Additional resources for Ancient Religions
Tribal religions are ethnocentric. The powers and ancestral spirits worshiped by one tribe are different from those worshiped by another tribe. ” Translation functions because the names not only have a reference, but also a meaning, namely, the god’s speciﬁc character as it is unfolded in cosmological speculation, myths, hymns, rites, and so on. This character makes a deity comparable to other deities with similar traits. The similarity of gods makes their names mutually translatable. But in historical reality, this correlation has to be reversed.
Thus, the Egyptians observed the regular and the recurrent, whereas cultures that focused on divination observed the exceptional and deviant. In the context of this task and their intellectual preoccupation with it, the Egyptians accumulated an incredible amount of knowledge, a kind of sacred cosmology, whereas the Sumerians and Babylonians, in the context of their preoccupation with divination, accumulated a similar mass of omen literature, which established connections between divine signs and historical or biographical events.
For their sake he causes there to be light. To see them he travels [the heavens]. He established for himself a chapel at their back. When they weep, he hears. He created for them a ruler in the egg and a commander to strengthen the backbone of the weak. He made for them magic as a weapon to ward off the blow of fate, watching over them night and day. He thrashed the cowardly among them, as a man beats his son for the sake of his brother. God knows every name. 23 monotheism and polytheism This is not only an extremely anthropocentric view of creation, it is also a monotheistic view of the divine.
Ancient Religions by Ms. Sarah Iles Johnston