By A. R. M. Murray
First released in 1953, this seminal creation to political philosophy is meant for either the coed of political idea and for the overall reader. After an creation and is the reason the character and function of philosophy, Dr Murray presents a severe exam of the main theories complicated by means of political philosophers from Plato to Marx, paying detailed cognizance to modern issues.
The publication additionally attempts to outline the fundamental problems with philosophical importance in modern politics, with distinct connection with the clash among political authority and person rights, and to teach how the several ethical assumptions underlying authoritarian and democratic structures of presidency are eventually established upon various theories of good judgment.
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Extra info for An Introduction to Political Philosophy
Yet, combined with this tendency to question and challenge existing beliefs, he had afirmfaith in certain fundamental principles—the immortality of the soul, the objectivity of moral standards, and the reality of an unchanging world behind the world of sense and time. Nor did he ever question the guidance he received from an inner * voice* which, he claimed, spoke to him from time to time, and which he regarded as a 'divine sign* that should always be respected. Plato was a pupil of Socrates and, apartfromtwo short interludes when he participated in active politics, he devoted his life to the teaching of philosophy.
According to such theories, morality 1 Republic, IV, 444. 28 An Introduction to Political Philosophy depends upon the relationship of the individual to the state, and is measured by the individual's success in making his proper contribution to the needs of the community. Moreover, the Organic Theory implies that the whole is more important and more valuable than the part, and that the part derives its value and, to some extent, its character, from its embodiment in the whole. This is obviously true of a part of a living body, since this cannot survive, as a living element, in separation from the body.
C. C. at the age of sixty-two. C. He was sent to Athens at the age of eighteen for higher education, and was a member of Plato's Academy for twenty years. , particularly marine biology. C. he became tutor to Alexander, Prince of Macecbn, afterwards Alexander the Great, who was then a boy of thirteen. There is no indication, however, that he exercised any influence on Alexander's character. The Politics makes it clear that he disliked all types of dictatorship and, like Plato, thought that the small city state, which had no political ambitions, provided the most favourable environment for the good life.
An Introduction to Political Philosophy by A. R. M. Murray