By Paul Josephson, Nicolai Dronin, Ruben Mnatsakanian, Aleh Cherp, Dmitry Efremenko, Vladislav Larin
The previous Soviet empire spanned 11 time zones and contained part the world's forests; large deposits of oil, gasoline, and coal; numerous ores; significant rivers resembling the Volga, Don, and Angara; and wide biodiversity. those assets and animals, in addition to the folk who lived within the former Soviet Union - Slavs, Armenians, Georgians, Azeris, Kazakhs and Tajiks, indigenous Nenets and Chukchi - have been threatened via environmental degradation and huge toxins. This environmental historical past of the previous Soviet Union explores the impression that country monetary improvement courses had at the surroundings. The authors think about the effect of Bolshevik ideology at the institution of an intensive process of nature preserves, the impact of Stalinist practices of industrialization and collectivization on nature, and the increase of public involvement less than Khrushchev and Brezhnev, and adjustments to rules and practices with the increase of Gorbachev and the break-up of the USSR.
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Additional resources for An Environmental History of Russia (Studies in Environment and History)
The authors express a debt of gratitude toward the scholars whose work in environmental history have made this text possible. Many of them the reader will meet in the footnotes. 17 Professor Weiner’s two books, Models of Nature (1988) and A Little Corner of Freedom (1999), pointed the way for every step. Murray Feshbach has done more than any other scholar to alert us to the true costs of environmental degradation in the former Soviet Union. Paul Josephson wrote the Introduction, Chapters 1 and 2, and edited the entire volume.
The communes to which most peasants in the central Black Earth regions belonged were crucial in passing on traditional agricultural practices. The practices may have been inefficient by modern standards, but the commune enabled peasants to share the altogether too frequent risk for agriculture failure. Russian peasant agriculture was at constant risk for failure given the short growing season and the relatively limited regions where rainfall was sufficient. The commune members enforced a coordinated choice of crops, fertilizers, and the degree of exploitation of the soils.
740–752. See P. V. Baranetskii, Lesokhranenie (St. Petersburg, 1880); Ia. Veinberg, Les, Znachenie ego v Prirode i Mery ego Sokhranenie (Moscow, 1884); Doklad Vtoroi Kommissii po Voprosu o Merakh Bor’by Protiv Pochvivshagos v Lesakh (Moscow, 1895); N. Iu. Shimanovskii, Okhrana Lesa (St. Petersburg: S. N. 1910); D. M. Zaitsev, Nuzhny Li v Rossii Lesookhranitel’nye raboty (St. Petersburg: S. N. 1911); N. I. Kuznetsov, O Russkom Lese. Pochemu Dolzhno Berech Les (St. Petersburg, 1913); and S. N. Arkhupov, various, on reforestation measures.
An Environmental History of Russia (Studies in Environment and History) by Paul Josephson, Nicolai Dronin, Ruben Mnatsakanian, Aleh Cherp, Dmitry Efremenko, Vladislav Larin