By Michael Dunford
After the 3 Italies develops a brand new political economic system method of the research of comparative local improvement and the territorial department of labour and exemplifies it via an up to date account of Italian business swap and nearby monetary performance.Responds to fresh theoretical debates in monetary geography, related to economists, geographers and planners. Builds the principles for a brand new theoretical method of neighborhood monetary improvement and the territorial department of labour. attracts at the result of a up to date ESRC funded study undertaking, in addition to on a wide variety of legitimate information units. presents an updated photo of Italy‘s monetary functionality and of its fresh improvement relative to different eu nations and the remainder of the realm. Analyses Italy's inner differentiation and its continual nearby inequalities. Examines the local impression of the new evolution of the automobile, chemical compounds, metal and garments industries. results in a brand new and extra advanced photo of Italian improvement.
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Additional info for After the Three Italies: Wealth, Inequality and Industrial Change (Rgs-Ibg Book Series)
In many sectors, it was argued, mass producers can take advantage of flexible production techniques, and oligopolistic groups will dominate the scene. As Coriat (1991) showed, to succeed flexible specialization requires that economies of scope are greater than economies of scale. This condition will hold if overall demand is static, and if demand is irregular, or products are subject to rapid obsolescence. In these conditions, an enterprise that can change almost instantaneously from one product to another will have the edge over one that seeks to realize scale economies.
Development processes are therefore cumulative. These propositions derive from the existing literature. The aim of this chapter is to review this literature and to identify contributions to explanations of differences and trends in regional value added, earnings and employment. The chapter will start with a brief examination of the role of convergence (centrifugal) and divergence (centripetal) tendencies in shaping the relative performance of regional economies. In subsequent secetions the connection between quantitative assessments of comparative regional economic performance and the changing territorial division of labour, implicit in Equation 1, will open the path to an identification of the contributions of the new economic geographies of the geographers (the new economic geography) and the economists (the new geographical economics) to the study of location and the territorial division of labour.
The theoretical rationale for these expectations is provided by a range of neoclassical growth, regional development and trade models. These models all rest on assumptions of (1) constant returns to scale, implying that costs of production do not change as the volume of output changes, (2) perfect competition, with its implication that the economy is made up of small enterprises none of which can have any impact on market prices, and (3) instantaneous re-employment of resources, implying that no resources remain unemployed.
After the Three Italies: Wealth, Inequality and Industrial Change (Rgs-Ibg Book Series) by Michael Dunford