By World Bank
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Extra info for A Study of international fisheries research
Rights of access to stock, land, and water need to be studied. Potential Contributions of Research This report distinguishes among basic, strategic, applied, and adaptive research. Basic and strategic research is carried out largely by regional and international concerns, and applied and adaptive research largely by developing countries. The ultimate goal is to conduct basic and strategic research at national and regional levels. Attention should also be paid to encouraging private concerns to participate in research programs, which would free public institutions to concentrate on more basic areas.
Some research establishments are overstaffed, and others lose staff to attractive offers from industry. The proportion of senior staff engaged in research or in supervising research programs is often low. Keeping highly qualified and experienced scientists can be difficult and affects national and regional cooperation as well as research programs. Research funds are often inadequate and wages can be low. Policies Clear policies to direct research and development are lacking. As a result, research tends to lag behind needs rather than anticipate emerging opportunities.
Major technological changes affected fishing in both industrial and developing countries. Stern trawlers combined with on-board filleting and plate freezing allowed fishing to extend over much longer periods and over greater distances. Spillover effects from technological developments in other sectorsradar, Sonar, and monofilament netsalso gave rise to changes in fishing. These changes, in combination with the development of the power block, allowed tuna fishing to extend into distant waters. Similar changes, in conjunction with increased demand for fish meal in the commercial meat industry, led to the rapid development of fisheries for small pelagic species.
A Study of international fisheries research by World Bank