A History of Western Political Thought by J. S. McClelland PDF

By J. S. McClelland

ISBN-10: 0415119618

ISBN-13: 9780415119610

A historical past of Western Political proposal is an lively and lucid account of an important political thinkers and the iconic subject matters of the final and a part millennia. Written with scholars of the heritage of political proposal in brain, the book:
* strains the advance of political notion from historical Greece to the overdue 20th century
* makes a speciality of person thinkers and texts
* comprises forty biographies of key political thinkers
* deals unique perspectives of theorists and highlights these that can were unjustly neglected
* develops the broader subject matters of political concept and the kin among thinkers over the years.

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The whole of Plato’s Republic is itself an exercise in dialectic, which has led some commentators to suggest that the Republic is a textbook for the Philosopher-Ruler’s training in the double sense that it contains an account of what that training should be like using the dialectical method of reasoning to show that the training prescribed is the best possible training method for ruling. Being able to understand fully what the arguments are for the training is itself evidence that you are yourself suitable training material.

A craft does not exist apart from its exercise, so a pupil has to see the master practise the craft before he can begin to learn, and the whole purpose of the training is to produce a master. That is not to say that all of the training would be onthe-job training. A certain amount of ‘theoretical’ work might be useful, in mathematics, say, and there might be room for physical exercise to cultivate desirable physical attributes, like strength and dexterity, but these too would be learned from a master.

For Socrates, there was always more than an analogy between knowing something and a technical skill (techne). What a craftsman knows is the reverse of dogmatic; a craft is not a set of principles to be put into operation; that is not what a craftsman does when he practises his craft, and the learning of a craft certainly does not consist of learning a set of principles and then putting them into practice. ’ The questions which can sensibly be asked of someone practising a skill are not about what the skill is like but about how the skill was acquired.

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A History of Western Political Thought by J. S. McClelland

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