By Nicholas Riasanovsky, Mark Steinberg
Extensively acclaimed because the most sensible one-volume survey textual content to be had, A heritage of Russia offers the full span of Russia's background, from the origins of the Kievan kingdom and the development of an empire, to Soviet Russia, the successor states, and past. Drawing on either fundamental assets and significant interpretive works, this 6th variation updates its latest assurance of the social, monetary, cultural, political and miliary occasions of Russia's earlier and contains a new bankruptcy at the post-Gorbachev period in addition to worthwhile up-to-date biblipgraphies and interpreting resource lists.
studying modern matters similar to the increase of Yeltsin, the nationalities query, and Russia's makes an attempt to industry capitalism, this 6th variation takes the examine of Russia directly into the hot millennium, carrying on with A background of Russia's approximately forty-year tune list because the chief within the box
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Extra resources for A History of Russia
It should be added that, in addition to exchange for direct consumption, the Kievan Russians engaged in transit trade on a large scale. Internal trade, although less spectacular than foreign commerce, likewise dated from time immemorial and satisfied important needs. Kiev, Novgorod, and other leading towns served as its main centers, but it also spread widely throughout the land.
Similarly, there is no sound evidence for Norman influence on Kievan paganism: Perun, the god of thunder and the chief deity of the East Slavic pantheon, far from being a copy of Thor, was described as the supreme divinity of the Antes by Procopius in the sixth century; a linguistic analysis of the names of East Slavic gods reveals a variety of cultural connections, but none of them with Scandinavia. Other assertions of Norman cultural influences, for instance, on the organization of the Kievan court or on Russian dress, tend to be vague and inconclusive, especially when compared to the massive impact of Byzantium and the tangible effects of some Oriental cultures on Russia.
While it can well be argued that Kievan economics, social relations, and politics all led to the collapse of the state, the fall of Kiev can also — perhaps paradoxically — be explained primarily in terms of outside aggression. For Kiev had to fight countless exhausting wars on many fronts, but above all in the southeast against the inhabitants of the steppe. The Pechenegs replaced the Khazars, and the Polovtsy the Pechenegs, but the fighting continued. After the Polovtsy and the Kievan Russians virtually knocked each other out, the Mongols came to give the coup de grâce.
A History of Russia by Nicholas Riasanovsky, Mark Steinberg