Read e-book online A History of Anthropology PDF

By Prof. Thomas Hylland Eriksen

ISBN-10: 0745313906

ISBN-13: 9780745313900

This is often the 1st paintings to hide the full heritage of social and cultural anthropology in one quantity. The authors supply a precis of the self-discipline within the 19th century, from the cultural theories of Herder, Morgna, and Tylor to the customarily missed contributions of the German students of the interval. The paintings of early-twentieth century anthropologists equivalent to Boas and Malinowski within the US and Britain, and the sociology of Durkheim and Mauss in France, is tested. The ambiguous courting among anthropology and nationwide cultures--many of the discipline's founders have been migrants or Jews--also gets attention.

The significant concentration of the e-book is on subject matters attribute of submit First-World-War anthropology, from structural functionalism , through structuralism, to hermeneutics, cultural ecology, and discourse research. each one significant anthropologist is supplied with a pill biography, and key controversies arecovered, resembling the debates on alliance and descent types of kinship, the puzzle of totmism, the issues of neo-Marxism and cultural ecology and the present battles over representations of the ''Other'' and deconstruction. This quantity presents a well timed, concise, and finished background of a huge highbrow self-discipline, in an attractive and thought-provoking narrative that may entice scholars of the self-discipline around the world.

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But in Weber, conflicts are not, as in Marx, vast and impersonal, but enacted by individuals. Thus, while Marx and Durkheim each developed a distinct brand of methodological collectivism, which studies society primarily as an integrated whole – Weber announced a methodological individualism that accepted that societies could be confusing, inconsistent and unpredictable. The influence of Weber’s legacy on anthropology was less direct than that of Durkheim, who himself was instrumental in founding modern French anthropology.

Both Durkheim and Weber are still considered important enough to generate frequent book-length commentaries. But of all the classical sociologists, Durkheim has been most significant for anthropology, in part because he himself was concerned with many anthropological themes, in part because of his direct and immediate influence on British and French anthropology. In the USA, the influence of ‘classical sociology’ only made itself felt many years later, and was never as strong as in Europe. The main influence here was rather from Bastian and the Völkerkunde school, which was brought into American anthropology by its (German) founding father, Franz Boas.

Interpreters, formal interviews and social aloofness would no longer do. Malinowski lived alone in a hut in the middle of a Trobriand village for months on end – though he kept his tropical suit and hat immaculately white, and though his posthumously published Four Founding Fathers 43 diaries (Malinowski 1967) reveal that he often felt homesick, despondent, and sick and tired of ‘the natives’. Malinowski’s ‘participant observation’ set a new standard for ethnographic research. No fact was too trivial to be recorded.

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A History of Anthropology by Prof. Thomas Hylland Eriksen

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