Read e-book online A field guide to coral reefs of the Caribbean and Florida : PDF

By Eugene H Kaplan

ISBN-10: 0395316618

ISBN-13: 9780395316610

Portrays the ecology and formation of coral reefs and describes a number of the animals that inhabit the reefs of southern Florida and the Caribbean

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Extra info for A field guide to coral reefs of the Caribbean and Florida : a guide to the common invertebrates and fishes of Bermuda, the Bahamas, southern Florida, the West Indies, and the Caribbean coast of Central and South America

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6 L, indicating that there is more than one wave on the body at any time. Fast-swimming fish such as mackerel and saithe have almost exactly one complete wave on the body, and on short-bodied fish such as carp and scup, there is less than one wave on the length of the body during steady swimming. The maximum amplitude (defined as half the total lateral excursion) may increase toward the tail linearly, as in eels and lampreys, or according to a power function in other species (Wardle et al. 1995).

Predatory species feeding on fast-moving preys require high temporal resolution motion vision. Higher FFF can be achieved with higher eye temperatures, which in most fish species is similar to ambient water temperature. For example, an increase of FFF from 5 Hz at 10°C to over 40 Hz at 20° was observed in swordfish (Xiphias gladius) (Fritsches et al. 2005). To increase higher temporal resolution for successful hunting of fast-moving prey, swordfish developed a specialized heating system to keep eyes and brain 10° to 15° above ambient water to increase temporal resolution (Fritsches et al.

Fierstine HL and Walters V. 1968. Studies in locomotion and anatomy of Scombroid fishes. Mem. South. Calif. Acad. Sci. 6: 1–31. Ford E. 1937. Vertebral variation in teleost fishes. J. Mar. Biol. Assoc. UK. 22: 1–60. Fuiman LA. 1986. Burst-swimming performance of larval zebra danios and the effect of diel temperature fluctuations. Trans. Am. Fish. Soc. 115: 143–148. Geerlink PJ. 1987. The role of the pectoral fins in braking in mackerel, cod and saithe. Neth. J. Zool. 37: 81–104. Greene CW and Greene CH.

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A field guide to coral reefs of the Caribbean and Florida : a guide to the common invertebrates and fishes of Bermuda, the Bahamas, southern Florida, the West Indies, and the Caribbean coast of Central and South America by Eugene H Kaplan


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