By Leo Tolstoy
Tolstoy's passionate and iconoclastic writings—on problems with religion, immortality, freedom, violence, and morality—reflect his highbrow look for fact and a faith firmly grounded actually. the choice encompasses a Confession," "Religion and Morality," "What Is faith, and of What Does Its Essence Consist?," and "The legislations of affection and the legislations of Violence."
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In short, Romanian support of the German war effort weakened in light of Romania's already catastrophic military losses and the loss of its northern regions (Bessarabia and Moldavia) in April and May 1944. Then, on 19 March German troops occupied Hungary to prevent its possible defection to the Allied camp. In late spring 1944, while the Germans focused their political and strategic attention on the Balkans, Stalin and the Stavka prepared to deal, once and for all, with Army Group Center. 5 million men and over 100 divisions, inflicting over 800,000 casualties on the Germans, and reach East Prussia, the Vistula River south of Warsaw, Hungary, and Bulgaria.
To forestall further defeat, the Stavka transferred fresh forces into the Kursk and Belgorod regions, which, with deteriorating weather, forced the Germans to postpone further action. During this period, the Germans also abandoned their Demiansk and Rzhev salients to create a more defensible front. The legacy of combat during this period was the infamous Kursk Salient, which protruded westward into German defenses in the central sector of the SovietGerman front. 36 CHRONOLOGY The Battle of Stalingrad as a "Turning Point" In comparison with the Battles of Moscow and Kursk, the Battle of Stalingrad was indeed the most important "turning point" on the Eastern Front.
These debates have surfaced three leading candidates for the honor of being designated "turning points": the Battles of Moscow, Stalingrad, and Kursk; and, more recently, a fourth, Guderian's southward turn to Kiev. Two of these battles occurred during the first period of the war, throughout which the Wehrmacht maintained the strategic initiative with exception of the five-month period from December 1941 through April 1942 during the Soviet Army's winter campaign. By definition, therefore, Russian historians identify the Battle of Stalingrad as the most important "turning point" since the Germans lost the strategic initiative irrevocably only after that battle.
A Confession and Other Religious Writings by Leo Tolstoy